Alter lighting

How is the evidence assessed?
  • Effectiveness
    not assessed
  • Certainty
    not assessed
  • Harms
    not assessed

Key messages

  • A replicated, controlled study in Norway reported lower numbers of lice on salmon kept in low intensity artificial light or natural lighting. The more intense the artificial light was, the higher the number of lice found on fish.

About key messages

Key messages provide a descriptive index to studies we have found that test this intervention.

Studies are not directly comparable or of equal value. When making decisions based on this evidence, you should consider factors such as study size, study design, reported metrics and relevance of the study to your situation, rather than simply counting the number of studies that support a particular interpretation.

Supporting evidence from individual studies

  1. In 1996, a replicated, controlled study in Norway (Hevrøy et al., 2003) found salmon, Salmo salar, kept under intense artificial light had higher lice numbers than those kept under low intensity artificial or natural light. Salmon kept under medium and high artificial light intensities had the highest number of lice increasing from three to a maximum of 26 lice per fish over the full sampling period. Salmon in low artificial and natural light conditions both had an average of between 5 and 10 lice per fish by the end of sampling. Four salmon cages, each containing 2,300 salmon, were used in the study. Three were lit with continuous artificial light at low (0.24 W/m2), medium (1.9–4.1 W/m2) and high (22.2 W/m2) intensity from January until harvest in June, 1996. The fourth group was kept under natural light conditions for the duration of the experiment. All groups were given a single chemical treatment for sea lice infection in March and May. Azamethiphos at a concentration of 0.2 parts per million was applied. Samples of salmon were inspected for lice started on day 76.  Every third week, 20–30 fish from each cage were inspected for numbers of lice.

    Study and other actions tested
Please cite as:

Jones, A.C., Mead, A., Austen, M.C.V.  & Kaiser, M.J. (2013) Aquaculture: Evidence for the effects of interventions to enhance the sustainability of aquaculture using Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) as a case study. Bangor University


Where has this evidence come from?

List of journals searched by synopsis

All the journals searched for all synopses

Sustainable Aquaculture

This Action forms part of the Action Synopsis:

Sustainable Aquaculture
Sustainable Aquaculture

Sustainable Aquaculture - Published 2013

Atlantic salmon Aquaculture Synopsis

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